There are many advantages to investing money. It helps you build wealth and also meet your financial goals. But for that, you must invest your money in a structured manner.
Are you investing the money for a trip or building your own pension system? Where and how to invest your money largely depends on your financial goal. It is important to understand what your financial goal is and exactly how much money you need to achieve it. Once you have a clear idea of your goal, such as ₹3 lakh for a car down payment or 20 lakh for a child's higher education, the process of investing the money becomes much easier.
Once you have a clear idea of your financial goal, it is also important to determine the time frame. That is, whether it is a short, medium, or long term objective. This step is very important as it determines how much you need to invest.
For example, for saving ₹2 lakh for a three-year goal, you need to invest ₹5,000 monthly (taking into account an interest rate of 7%). Meanwhile, if you want to save the same amount of money in five years, your monthly investment should be 3000 INR at an interest rate of 7%.
Here, Amit Trivedi, personal finance coach and author of Riding the Roller Coaster, notes that it is extremely important to address short, short, and medium-term financial needs, without which it would be nearly impossible to continue investing in the long term.
We all want to make money quickly, but this does not always suit our risk appetite.
The biggest problem with taking higher risk than one can take is that it causes unnecessary stress as many investors recoup their investment before meeting their financial goals.
Therefore, while investing, always keep in mind how much risk you can take.
For financial goals with different time frames, the funds must be invested differently.
"Understand the investment products or vehicles your money is investing in - it's not just about returns, but more importantly, you need to understand the risks and limitations of these products and investment vehicles," Trivedi said.
For a short-term goal like getting your child to school in two years, you can invest in a tool that promises consistent performance. This is a goal that you cannot delay. But if you want to save for a child's higher education, a goal of at least 17-18, it's imperative that you look for a tool that can give you inflationary returns.
Concluding with great investment advice, Trivedi said: "Understand the fickleness of one's own mind - and to control that, there are two very powerful shields. One, a written plan, and two, an excellent advisor.
Also Read: All that you need to know about the country’s first COVID vaccine