What is NFO? Everything you need to know about new fund offer

What Is NFO?

An initial subscription offer for a new fund provided by an investment company is known as a new fund offering (NFO). When a fund is initiated, it generates a fresh supply of funds that enables the company to raise money for buying securities. Mutual funds are frequently introduced by investment companies as one of the most popular new fund options. The first bid for a new fund differs based on the fund's layout.

What are Different types of NFOs?

Three types of NFO mutual funds exist: open-ended, close-ended, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Let's explore each of them further.

Open-Ended NFOs

These are mutual fund schemes that do not have a specific maturity date. Investors have the flexibility to purchase or offload units at the current net asset value (NAV) of the scheme whenever they choose. Open-ended NFOs are ideal for investors looking for flexibility and convenient access to funds.

Close-Ended NFOs

These mutual fund schemes come with a set maturity date. In this case, investors are only able to purchase or sell units in the initial offering window. These NFOs are perfect for investors looking to invest for a set time frame and are not worried about having access to their funds.

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)

These mutual fund schemes are traded on the stock exchange just like stocks. ETFs are funds that do not have a specific limit on the number of shares that can be issued and they invest in a group of securities to mimic the performance of a certain index or commodity. ETFs are a great option for investors looking to access a wide range of investments without spending a lot of money.

Considerations Before Investing in a New Fund Offering

Several factors must be taken into account before making an investment in an NFO within the mutual fund sector.

  • Before you invest, it's vital to check out the reputation and history of the fund management company. This means looking into how well the fund managers have done in the past, understanding their skills and where they're coming from. You'll want to go with a company that has a proven track record of delivering steady returns and taking good care of their clients' investments.
  • Another crucial consideration is making sure that the investment objective of the new fund matches the investor's financial goals. Investors need to carefully assess the investment strategy and objectives of the fund to ensure they align with their long-term goals and risk tolerance.
  • Moreover, it is essential to evaluate one's risk tolerance prior to making investments. Investors need to assess their capacity to endure market fluctuations and possible losses linked to the NFO's investment approach. This involves taking into account aspects like diversifying investment portfolios, allocating assets, and reviewing the past performance of comparable investment tactics.

How does an NFO work?

An NFO, or New Fund Offer, occurs when an Asset Management Company (AMC) introduces a new mutual fund scheme. During the NFO period, investors can buy units at an initial offer price, usually a modest amount like Rs 10 per unit. Once this period ends, the fund becomes available for trading, with investors buying or selling units at the Net Asset Value (NAV) on stock exchanges.

Experienced fund managers allocate the funds collected during the NFO across various assets based on the fund's objectives. It's crucial for investors to research thoroughly before investing in an NFO to comprehend the risks involved and determine if it aligns with their investment goals, despite the opportunity to start with a small initial investment.

Benefits of NFO 

Save on Expenses

In the NFO phase, typically no fees are involved in the scheme, providing an initial cost benefit. Nevertheless, the expense ratio takes effect following the NFO period.

Portfolio Diversification

Certain NFOs provide unique investment themes that assist in diversifying your investment portfolio in various ways. It aids in controlling your risk and maximizing your investment profits.

No Entry Barrier

NFO units are commonly sold at a set price, sometimes as low as Rs. Priced at 10 per unit, they are within reach for investors on a smaller budget.

Expert Management 

Experienced fund managers manage NFOs and make investment decisions based on the fund's goals and market conditions. It assists in improving your likelihood of achieving your investment goals.

Chance for Growth

Since NFOs are fresh funds that have not been launched in the market yet, you can gain significantly in the early stages. With proper supervision, the plan has the potential to expand in the future, which could lead to higher returns on your investments.

Final Words

Investors can use New Fund Offers (NFOs) as a good method to access various asset classes. Investors should conduct due diligence before investing in NFOs since each NFO has unique characteristics and potential risks. NFOs offer investors the chance for significant gains and secure investment choices, making them an appealing option for those seeking portfolio diversification.


Q. What is NFO and its benefits?

A. New Fund Offer or NFO meaning in share market are the mutual funds that are launched for the first time in the market. They offer an opportunity to buy units of the fund at its initial stage. The launch of NFOs helps raise capital from the market and invest in securities such as stocks, bonds, etc

Q. Is there any profit in NFO?

A. While the new theme or strategy may sound promising, the actual performance of the NFO remains uncertain until it goes through different market cycles. Investors face a higher level of risk due to the lack of a proven track record.

Q. Can we withdraw money from NFO?

A. Can we withdraw money from NFO? No, it is not possible to withdraw money when an NFO is open because it is a period where investors buy units in a new mutual fund scheme. However, you can exit later by selling the units on the stock exchange, or wait till the end of the maturity period.

Q. How do I select NFO?

A. You can invest in NFO directly on online investment platforms like ET Money or through brokers and fund houses (online and offline modes). You can visit the fund house website directly, do the KYC process, and apply for the NFO. You can select the number of units and the basis on which you must pay.

Also Read: 5 Top BPO Companies in India: Leading Outsourcing Providers

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