Beginner's Guide: Getting Started with Stock Market Investing, Step by Step

Participating in stock market investments can improve your financial portfolio, but it is essential that you fully understand the risks involved before making any commitments. Initially, individual investors cannot directly participate in buying or selling stocks on the stock exchange. It is necessary to enlist the help of registered stock brokers who execute trades on behalf of investors.

The investment process is now more convenient and easier than in the past, thanks to various digital platforms that have facilitated the overall investment experience. Here are the steps you should follow to easily buy stocks from your home:

learn stock market

Open a demat account

First, choose a custodian participant, who acts as the custodian of your securities and manages the transactions on your behalf. Options include your bank, brokerage firm, or other registered participant. When making your choice, consider factors such as fees, investment options, user interface, and customer service.

The majority of depository participants open accounts online, although some accounts may require a visit to their branches. Make sure you complete the application form accurately and upload/submit the necessary documents. Throughout the account opening procedure, provide your bank account details, including account number, IFSC code and account type. This guarantees smooth transfer of funds from your bank account to your demat account for transactions. After the verification process is finished, your account will be activated so you can start your investment activities.

Open a trading account

A trading account acts as an intermediary linking your demat account, where your shares are stored electronically, and your bank account, which houses your funds. It is usual for brokers to start opening both accounts simultaneously when applying for a demat account. This simplifies the process and ensures smooth transactions.

Login to your demat account

The majority of apps are designed for use on mobile devices, allowing you to download the official deposit participant app from the App Store or Google Play Store. Enter your username or customer ID along with the password you set while opening your demat account.

Determine the specific stock in which you wish to invest

Prior to impulsively jumping into stock investments, assess whether your goal is saving for retirement, a down payment, or short-term necessities. Different time frames and levels of risk acceptance are associated with unique objectives. Remember that certain stocks are less stable than others, therefore, it's crucial to assess your risk tolerance towards possible losses.

Afterwards, pinpoint areas or fields that pique your interest or correspond with your objectives (like technology, healthcare, or consumer goods). Before selecting which stock to invest in, make sure to research industry trends and growth potential to fully grasp the overall landscape.

How much do you want to invest?

Determine the total amount of funds you can allocate towards your investment goals. Make sure to have sufficient funds in your bank account prior to purchasing any stocks. Create a monthly budget to assess your incoming income and outgoing expenses. This enables you to identify potential locations for allocating extra funds towards investments.

Before delving into investing, it is crucial to establish a solid financial base. While perfection is not necessary, having a solid base allows you to tackle unforeseen hurdles and approach investing with assurance.

Purchase shares (shares) at their prices listed with the units

Leverage platforms like Yahoo Finance, Google Finance, or Morningstar to research stocks, evaluate their performance, and monitor market trends. Explore the comprehensive list of stocks in India categorized across various sectors and themes. Transfer funds from your bank account to your brokerage account to ensure the purchase amount is covered, including commissions and fees. On your chosen platform, select the stock you intend to buy.

Select the order type and enter the required quantity of units (shares) to purchase. Review your application carefully before submitting it. The Platform will endeavor to execute your order in accordance with your chosen type and prevailing market conditions. Upon completion, you will receive confirmation, and the shares acquired will be credited to your brokerage account.

Purchase order execution

After an order is initiated for a specific stock(s), the seller responds by placing a corresponding order on the other side of the trade. The exchange then matches buy and sell orders according to price and time priority. When your order is successfully matched, the transaction is executed, resulting in the shares being transferred from the seller's demat account to your account.

The funds are actually transferred from your bank account to the seller's bank account through a clearing and settlement process, which typically takes one to three business days. Confirmation will be provided once the transaction is settled, and the shares will reflect in your demat account.

Participation in the stock market is a difficult task. It is essential to have a thorough understanding of the intricacies of stock investing before entering the market. One important aspect to keep in mind is that the price listed may not necessarily be the price at which you will get the stock, especially with market orders.

It is important to take into account the costs associated before making a purchase as they can affect your overall returns. Before investing, conduct thorough research on the company, its financials and the market in general in order to fully understand the risks involved.

Also Read: 
Top 5 Best Technical Analysis Tools For Stock Market

  • Share
logoSubscribe now